IAS Prelims 2017 Important Topics on Current Affairs: The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) will conduct the civil services (CS) preliminary examination on June 18 this year. It is one of the most esteemed and toughest exams in the country. With a success rate of 0.1- 0.3 percent of the total percentage of candidates who apply, it is really difficult to nail the examination.
As you know, On 28th March 2017, we have shared IAS Prelims 2017 Important Topics on current affairs which will help you prepare for your upcoming examination. Here is the topic that we have discussed yesterday, Click on the link below to explore
As promised, today we are going to continue with the ninth topic i.e Law Commission of India. Let us provide you the brief explanation of the said topic.
IAS Prelims 2017 Important Topics on Current Affairs: Law Commission of India
Current Affairs is an extremely essential component of all major competitive exams. An aspirant who has a grip over General knowledge is always at an advantage, not just for written examinations but also interviews. Updating Daily GK will help you perform well in all the competitive exams.
Let us provide you the explanation of the given topic.
Law Commission of India
Law Commission of India is neither a constitutional body nor a statutory body. It is truly an ad hoc and advisory body whose work is to do research and make recommendations for law reforms such as amendments and updations of prevalent and inherited laws. None of these recommendations is binding upon the Government.
The Commission was originally constituted in 1955. Since then the Commission is reconstituted every three years and is usually headed by a retired Supreme Court judge or former Chief Justice of a high court.
The 21st Law Commission has been formed which will consist of a full-time Chairperson, four full-time Members (including a Member-Secretary), Secretary, Department of Legal Affairs as ex-officio Member, Secretary, Legislative Department as ex-officio Member and not more than five part-time Members. It has been formed for the period of three years w.e.f. 1st September. 2015 to 31st August, 2018.
Composition of Law Of Commission
The Commission is headed by a full-time Chairperson. It membership primarily comprises legal experts, who are entrusted a mandate by the Government. For example, the 21st Law commission would be comprised of:
- a full-time Chairperson. four full-time Members (including a Member-Secretary).
- Secretary, Department of Legal Affairs as ex offcio Member.
- Secretary, Legislative Department as ex offcio Member.
- not more than five part-time Members.
The Commission is established for a fixed tenure (generally three years) and works as an advisory body to the Ministry of Law and Justice. Before finalising its recommendations, the Commission needs to consult the law ministry. Law Commission works in close co-ordination and under the general instruction of Ministry of Law and Justice. It generally acts as the initiation point for law reform in the country. Internally, the Law Commission works in a research-oriented manner.
Functions of Law of Commission
The Law Commission shall, on a reference made to it by the Central Government or suo-motu, undertake research in law and review of existing laws in India for making reforms therein and enacting new legislations. It shall also undertake studies and research for bringing reforms in the justice delivery systems for elimination of delay in procedures, speedy disposal of cases, reduction in cost of litigation etc. The other functions of the Law Commission shall, inter-alia, include:
- Identification of laws which are no longer relevant and recommending for the repeal of obsolete and unnecessary enactments;
- Suggesting enactment of new legislations as may be necessary to implement the directive principles and to attain the objectives set out in the preamble of the constitution;
- Considering and conveying to the government its views on any subject relating to law and judicial administration that may be specifically referred to it by the government through ministry of law and justice (department of legal affairs);
- Considering the requests for providing research to any foreign countries as may be referred to it by the government through ministry of law & justice (department of legal affairs);
- Preparing and submitting to the central government, from time to time, reports on all issues, matters, studies and research undertaken by it and recommending in such reports for effective measures to be taken by the union or any state; and
- Performing such other functions as may be assigned to it by the central government from time to time.
Over here we conclude our article on IAS Prelims 2017 Important Topics on Current Affairs. Stay tuned with us for the rest of the topic that we will discuss day by day.