IAS Important Topics on International Current Affairs: The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) will conduct the civil services (CS) preliminary examination on June 18 this year. It is one of the most esteemed and toughest exams in the country. With a success rate of 0.1- 0.3 percent of the total percentage of candidates who apply, it is really difficult to nail the examination.
As you know, On 10th May 2017, we have shared IAS Prelims 2017 Important Topics on International current affairs which will help you prepare for your upcoming examination. Here is the topic that we have discussed yesterday, Click on the link below to explore.
Let us move forward with our next topic i.e. South Sudan Conflict.
IAS Important Topics on International Current Affairs
Today we will discuss the sixth topic i.e South Sudan Conflict. Below mentioned is the explanation of the said topic.
South Sudan Conflict
South Sudan is the world’s newest nation, in the centre of Africa bordered by six countries. It is rich in oil, but following decades of civil war it is also one of the least developed regions on earth – only 15% of its citizens own a mobile phone and there very few tarmac roads in an area bigger than Spain and Portugal combined.
- After decades of civil war, the South of Sudan gained independence from Sudan as the Republic of South Sudan in 2011.
- Many unresolved issues with the north remain, such as border demarcation and the status of the oil-rich area of Abyei. These have caused tensions and hostilities between the two states.
- In December 2013 a civil war broke out in South Sudan, which continues today. While there is an ethnic component to the conflict, it is secondary to what is essentially a fight between the country’s elites that needs to be seen in the context of the poor transition to statehood, and fuelled by poor social and economic conditions.
- A handful of peace agreements have been signed over the course of the war — the most recent in August 2015 — but they have been repeatedly violated.
- While some regions have recently become slightly less volatile, allowing people to move around fairly freely and return to their homes, violent outbreaks are still occurring throughout the country.
- In February 2016, the U.N. displacement site in Malakal was attacked, killing 25 people and wounding over 120 more. Regions that previously had been relatively safe from clashes have experienced assaults over the past several weeks.
- A fresh wave of violence erupted in Juba starting July 2016, just one day before the country’s five-year anniversary of independence. The clashes killed more than 300 people and displaced 40,000 more over the course of a few days.
- In early 2017, a famine was declared in parts of South Sudan, leaving 100,000 people on the verge of starvation.
Operation Sankat Mochan
Operation Sankat Mochan was an operation of the Indian Air Force to evacuate Indian citizens and other foreign nationals from South Sudan during the South Sudanese Civil War. The operation was carried out in view of 2016 Juba clashes.
- The government of India’s mission to evacuate Indian citizens from war torn area of South Sudan’s capital Juba.
- The operation was undertaken by Indian Air Force (IAF) and headed by Union Minister of State (MoS) for External Affairs General (Retd.) VK Singh. Aircraft C 17 Globemaster was used.
- During the last decades India has established itself as a pioneer country in rescue operation of its citizens in Conflict Zones and often rescuing citizens of other countries too.
Few recent Rescue operations of India are-
⇨ Operation Rahat was a rescue operation by the Indian Navy, Indian Air Force and Air India to evacuate Indians and other foreign nationals (of more than 20 countries) from Yemen during the 2015 military intervention by Saudi Arabia and its allies during the Yemeni Crisis.
⇨ Operation Safe Homecoming was an operation launched by Indian government to evacuate its nationals, who were fleeing from the Libyan Civil War. It was a combination of an air and sea-bridge conducted by the Indian Navy and Indian Air Force.
⇨ Operation Sukoon was an operation launched by the Indian Navy to evacuate Indian, Sri Lankan and Nepalese nationals, as well as Lebanese nationals with Indian spouses, from the conflict zone during the 2006 Lebanon War.
⇨ The 1990 airlift of Indians from Kuwait was carried out from August 13, 1990 to October 20, 1990 after the Invasion of Kuwait. Air India helped evacuate 175,000 people by a civil airliner and 500 people were sent through a ship.
Over here we conclude our article on IAS Important Topics on International Current Affairs. Stay tuned with us for the rest of the topic that we will discuss day by day.