IAS Prelims 2019: How to Prepare for Science and Technology

IAS Prelims 2018: How to Prepare for Science and Technology

How to Prepare for Science and Technology: Science and Technology is an important part of IAS Prelims 2019. There are mostly analytical questions that show up in this section. We understand that a lot of IAS aspirants might be confused about Science and Technology Section of IAS Prelims 2019. But understand, with the right approach and accurate study material, one can easily score well in this section. Hence, through this article, we attempt to suggest the best strategy to prepare for Science and Technology Section for the upcoming IAS Prelims Examination.

Kindly remember that this blog will include certain ways to prepare for IAS Prelims 2019 only. Needless to say that we shall cover preparation of IAS Mains Examination in an article later on. For now, let’s just concentrate only on the IAS Prelims Exam.


IAS Prelims 2019: Introduction to Science and Technology

As always, let us begin our analysis of various sections of IAS Prelims Exam Papers over the past few years by knowing the actual number of questions from a particular section. Here is the detailed account of the number of questions on Science and Technology in IAS Prelims Examination over the years.

 Year Number of Questions asked
 2011 18
 2012 9
 2013 13
 2014 5
 2015 6
 2016 9
 2017 10

The number of questions asked from the Science and Technology Section has decreased compared to previous years in IAS Exams. However, you can never undermine their importance. Given the unpredictable nature of IAS Prelims, OnlineTyari would NOT suggest you skip this section at all. It is too big of a risk!


IAS Prelims 2019: Preparation Tips and Study Guide for Science and Technology Section

The preparation for Science and Technology section is quite different. First things first, finding the right study material is still a problem. Piling up a huge stock of books and resources available in the market and cramming them up is NOT a solution.

For scoring well in Science and Technology section of IAS Prelims 2019, you would first need to analyse the kind of questions that UPSC asks. Mostly, all of the questions from Science and Technology section are analytical/conceptual in nature. A lot of them hold relevance because of the events going on around us. So, current affairs across the world go in-sync with your conceptual knowledge. All you need here is the right approach.

So what is the correct approach?

We suggest you strengthen your basics first.

  • Take up NCERT textbooks and go through them. Focus on the science behind the various natural phenomenon. This would make your learning more fun as well.
  • Go through previously asked questions from the Science & Technology section and understand which topics are more relevant and frequently asked.
  • Prioritise your study plan based on that.
  • While you are preparing, make sure you stick to the basics only. If you don’t understand concepts well enough from NCERTs, you may look it up on the internet.
  • But do not spend too much time understanding the concepts in great details. Remember, you don’t need to hold a doctorate before writing the exam. You have various other sections to cover as well. So, do NOT waste your time.

Keep a tab of what is happening in India & around the World

If you analyse previous years’ question papers thoroughly and research them on google, you’d see that those questions were asked simply because it was in the news. For instance, there were questions on Higgs Boson, Graphene, Neutrinos.

A good way to start is to simply look at the list of Nobel Prize winners and look up their area of work. You may get questions simply based on that.

Focus on what is happening in India that is relevant to the field of Science and Technology. Follow ISRO, DRDO, Ministry of Science & Technology and what they do. The best way to do that is to religiously follow Science & Technology section of ‘The Hindu’. While you are at it, just remember that you don’t have to follow only the facts & events. Look for the issues they are dealing with, problems they faced, the relevance of breakthroughs made. If you don’t understand anything, there is always the INTERNET. Just remember that you don’t have to go into great details.

Practice & Evaluate

Like always, we can’t undermine the importance of practising and evaluating yourself. Pick up a decent test series and keep practising. You may come across new questions that you might have overlooked while preparing. Also, it minimises your chances of making silly mistakes in the actual exam. The preparation of Science & Technology thus involves a 3-pronged strategy.

  • Step 1: Building Your Basics
  • Step 2: Interlinking your understanding of events around the world
  • Step 3: Evaluating yourself

NOTE: Those with Non-Science background have no reason to be scared of Science & Technology Section. You can always take the help of the Internet, your own friends but make sure that it is essential to make concise notes in your own language.

We can never undermine the importance of tests for IAS Exam preparation. To begin with, you can always solve previous years’ question papers. Refer to numerous question banks available in the market and solve them.

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Try and take weekly tests around the same repeatedly so that you can clearly see improvements in your preparation. A good test series will always help you evaluate yourself better and give you enough pointers to improve upon.


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OnlineTyari’s IAS Prelims Ultimate Package has 40 tests.This Ultimate Package is totally based on the latest pattern of UPSC Prelims syllabus. Core emphasis is given on the fusion of Current Affairs with traditional topics of History, Geography, Polity, Economy, Science & Tech, Environment sectional Tests, and Current Affairs, GS Paper-1, CSAT Paper-2 are included in this Package. Every Mock test contains 100 Questions (Except CSAT Mock Test). Every question has detailed answer description.

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We hope that this article on IAS Prelims 2019 Science Tips will help you formulate your preparation scheme and score well in the real Examination. Stay connected for more information regarding UPSC IAS Recruitment 2019. To excel in IAS Exams, download the Best UPSC IAS Exam Preparation App for free.

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