Top 10 Must Read Topics for IAS Mains GS Paper 2: The Union Public Service Commission will conduct Civil Services Mains Examination in the month of October. The exam aims to access a student on the basis of his understanding of Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.
The problem is that no matter how good & knowledgeable we think we are or how good we feel we have prepared for the exam there is always a certain level of uncertainty. To overcome this fear, we will be sharing Top 10 Must Read Topics for IAS Mains GS Paper 2.
Top 10 Must Read Topics for IAS Mains GS Paper 2 | Demand for Gorkhaland Statehood
Today we will discuss THE NEXT Topic. Below mentioned is the explanation of the said topic.
Who are Gorkhas
The ‘Gorkhas’ in the Indian context are Indian citizens of Nepali ethnicity, who live across the length and breadth of India. The term ‘Gorkha’ in the Indian context is used to differentiate the Indian citizens of Nepali ethnicity from the citizens of Nepal. Many a time, people mistake the Indian ‘Gorkhas’ with Nepalese ‘Gorkhali’. It is to be noted that in terms of Nepal, ‘Gorkhali’ refers to the people from the ‘Gorkha’ region. However, the use of the term ‘Gorkha’ in the Indian context is very different than in Nepal’s context. Therefore, the term ‘Gorkha’ refers to different groups of people depending on the country they are being used in reference to.
What is Gorkhaland
Gorkhaland is a proposed statehood demand from the Indian state of West Bengal. The demand for a separate administrative unit in Darjeeling has existed since 1907, when the Hillmen’s Association of Darjeeling submitted a memorandum to Minto-Morley Reforms demanding a separate administrative setup.
In the 1980s, Subhash Ghisingh raised the demand for the creation of a state called Gorkhaland within India to be carved out of the hills of Darjeeling and areas of Dooars and Siliguri terai contiguous to Darjeeling. The demand took a violent turn, which led to the death of over 1,200 people. This movement culminated with the formation of Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council (DGHC) in 1988. The DGHC administered the Darjeeling hills for 23 years with some degree of autonomy.
A new violent movement for a separate state of Gorkhaland was started in 1986 by Gorkha National Liberation Front (GNLF) led by Subhash Ghisingh. The agitation ultimately led to the establishment of a semiautonomous body in 1988 called the Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council (DGHC) to govern certain areas of Darjeeling district. However, in 2007, a new party called the Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJM) raised the demand for a separate state of Gorkhaland once again.
What is Gorkhaland Issue
- The Gorkhaland Movement is a movement mainly focused in the Darjeeling Hills of West Bengal, which demands the creation of a separate state of Gorkhaland.
- The area covers Duars and Terai region of West Bengal. And is famous for its tea and beauty, which are the main sources of its income.
- The main reason for the separate Gorkhaland movement is due to the differences in ethnicity, culture and language.