Crucial Bills And Amendments for IAS Prelims 2017: Draft National Water Framework Bill

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Crucial Bills And Amendments for IAS Prelims 2017: Draft National Water Framework Bill

Crucial Bills And Amendments for IAS Prelims 2017: The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) will conduct the civil services (CS) preliminary examination on June 18 this year. It is one of the most esteemed and toughest exams in the country. With a success rate of 0.1- 0.3 percent of the total percentage of candidates who apply, it is really difficult to nail the examination.

Crucial-Bills-And-Amendments-for-IAS-Prelims-2017--Compensatory-Afforestation-Fund-Bill

This article covers some of the most important Bills and Amendments which will help you for your upcoming IAS Prelims Preparation.

 

Crucial Bills And Amendments for IAS Prelims 2017: Draft National Water Framework Bill

Today, we will discuss the bill. Below mentioned is the explanation of the the next topic i.e Draft National Water Framework Bill.

Draft National Water Framework Bill

This draft bill released by the Union government aims to provide an overarching legal framework with principles for protection, conservation, regulation and management of water as a vital and stressed natural resource. It will be circulated as a model bill to the states, to replace the existing draft law of 2013.

Objectives

This draft bill released by the Union government aims to provide an overarching legal framework with principles for protection, conservation, regulation and management of water as a vital and stressed natural resource. It will be circulated as a model bill to the states, to replace the existing draft law of 2013.

The Draft National Water Framework Bill provides an overarching national legal framework based on principles for protection, conservation, regulation and management of water as a vital and stressed natural resource, under which legislation and executive action on water at all levels of governance can take place

SALIENT FEATURES OF REVISED DRAFT NATIONAL WATER POLICY (2012)

  • Every person has a right to sufficient quantity of safe water for life within easy reach of the household regardless of his/her socio-economic factors.
  • All basin states have equitable rights over the use of river water provided such use does not violate the right to water for life of any person in the river basin.
  • States must recognise the principle that the rivers are public trustees and not owned by the basin-States.
  • Establishing River Basin Authority (RBA) for each inter-State basin to ensure optimum and sustainable development of rivers and valleys.
  • Establishing institutional arrangements to deal with inter-state water disputes in order to “obviate” disputes through negotiations, mediation or conciliation.
  • Proposes other mechanisms such as National water quality and footprint standards, Integrated river basin development and management plan and Graded pricing system.
  • Water, after meeting the pre-emptive needs for safe drinking water and sanitation, achieving food security, supporting poor people dependent on agriculture for their livelihood and high priority allocation for minimum eco-system needs, be treated as economic good so as to promote its conservation and efficient use.
  • Ecological needs of the river should be determined recognizing that river flows are characterized by low or no flows, small floods (freshets), large floods and flow variability and should accommodate development needs. A portion of river flows should be kept aside to meet ecological needs ensuring that the proportional low and high flow releases correspond in time closely to the natural flow regime.
  • Adaptation strategies in view of climate change for designing and management of water resources structures and review of acceptability criteria has been emphasized..
  • Setting up of Water Regulatory Authority has been recommended. Incentivization of recycle and re-use has been recommended.
  • Water Users Associations should be given statutory powers to collect and retain a portion of water charges, manage the volumetric quantum of water allotted to them and maintain the distribution system in their jurisdiction.
  • Removal of large disparity in stipulations for water supply in urban areas and in rural areas has been recommended.
  • Water resources projects and services should be managed with community participation. Wherever the State Governments or local governing bodies so decide, the private sector can be encouraged to become a service provider in public private partnership model to meet agreed terms of service delivery, including penalties for failure.
  • Adequate grants to the States to update technology, design practices, planning and management practices, preparation of annual water balances and accounts for the site and basin, preparation of hydrologic balances for water systems, and benchmarking and performance evaluation.

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All India IAS Prelims Test Series 2017

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Here, we conclude our article on Crucial Bills And Amendments for IAS Prelims 2017. Stay tuned with us for the rest of the topic that we will discuss day by day. 

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