How to Solve Parajumble Questions: The English section of major government exams is considered to be the most important as well as most intimidating sections of all. A considerable number of aspirants have problems in attempting this section as it is comparatively difficult than the rest. But, with good preparation and practice, this section can easily become the most scoring one.
After discussing various English topics such as reading comprehension, cloze tests, spotting errors etc., we need to give equal attention to parajumbles. Parajumble Questions constitute a major portion of the English section of various government recruitment exams such as IBPS, SBI, SSC etc. Also, The Institute of Banking Personnel Selection (IBPS) is going to recruit candidates for the post of Probationary Officer, Clerk, Office Assistant for the session 2017-18 soon.
Through this article, we will share important information regarding the methods and tips which will be helpful in attempting parajumble questions efficiently in the upcoming IBPS examinations.
How to Solve Parajumble Questions in IBPS Prelims Exam 2017
Paragraph Jumbles or Parajumbles are a set of sentences presented in a jumbled or random order. You need to reassemble or rearrange these sentences to form a meaningful paragraph. A typical parajumle question will consist of 5-6 jumbled sentences explaining a particular factual topic or idea from which you will have to construct a coherent paragraph.
However difficult this may sound, parajumble questions can easily boost your score if you practice a lot and follow a constructive approach. Even if you are not a good reader, you can rely on this particular topic as it requires more of analytical or logical understanding. We have jotted down some tips and tricks that can most definitely help you to solve parajumble questions with ease.
Look for the Opening Sentence
The first thing you need to look at is the opening sentence. You can easily spot the opening sentence as it always introduces the person, place, organisation or concept which the author would be talking about. The opening sentence makes the crux of the paragraph and can easily be distinguished amongst the rest. For example:
(a) She also got the chance of meeting her idol, Sadia Saeed Raval, while delivering her lecture.
(b) Shivantika loves reading and writing about human psychology.
(c) Raval is the founder and chief psychologist at Inner Space Centre in Mumbai
(d) She recently completed her doctoral degree from University of Iowa, USA.
Opening Sentence: Clearly, the introductory line is (b) This is because the rest of the sentences talks about Shivantika’s educational life and her idol. She is introduced as a lover of psychology subject in the second sentence, thus, this indicates that the correct option will be (b).
Adopt Elimination Method
Even the toughest of parajumble sentences have two or three sentences that form a link. Try to spot this link which binds the sentences together and then analyze their sequence. Eliminate the options that do not have any link between them. This is called the elimination method that helps to narrow down the best options for choice selection. For example:
(a) What came out was very large garland made out of currency notes
(b) The unsuspecting governor opened the box in full view of the gathering
(c) When the RBI governor came to inaugurate the new printing press, the local unit of the BJP handed him a gift wrapped box
(d) There was a twist – the notes were all as tattered as notes could get
Check for Conjugations or Prepositions
Conjugations and prepositions play a very important role in connecting two or more sentences. Look out for all of the subordinating conjugations and prepositions such as after, altogether, as far as, as soon as, as, also, though, until, whenever, whereas, in order to, since, because, before etc. For example:
(a) 1971 war changed the political geography of the subcontinent
(b) Despite the significance of the event, there has been no serious consideration about the conflict
(c) Surrender at Dacca aims to fill this gap
(d) It also profoundly altered the geo-strategic situation in South-East Asia
Look out for Pronouns
To solve parajumble questions, you need to look out for personal pronouns such as he, she, it, him, her, you, they. Personal pronouns always refer to a person, place or thing. Therefore, if a sentence has a personal pronoun without mentioning the person, place or object it is referring to, mark it in your head. Now, scan the paragraph for the original person, place or object that it refers to.
Demonstrative Pronouns (this, that these, those) also play a big part in identifying the order of sentences. Finding the noun phrase, with which the demonstrative pronoun is used, connects the sentences. This approach of using rules of grammar always helps to solve parajumble questions.
Understand the Chronology
Keep an eye on the chronology and the importance of events. Sometimes the events mentioned in the paragraph can be arranged in a chronological order making it easy for you to identify the sequence. An event of lesser significance comes later but event of greater significance always comes first.
Spotting abbreviations or short forms in a sentence gives us a clear idea of its sequence. Sentence containing the full form of a particular abbreviation will always come first in the order. While, sentences containing short forms will come later. For example:
(a) Both achievements will not only improve the health of marginalised communities but will also enhance their socio-economic status
(b) Both yaws and MNTE were achieved using the existing health system and health workforce.
(c) The Regional Director described India’s achievement of maternal and neonatal tetanus elimination (MNTE) as a momentous public health feat.
(d) After India’s success in MNTE, Indonesia was validates for the same on 18 May this year.
The correct sequence is CBAD. As you can note that the full form of MNTE is given in 3rd sentence, naturally, it becomes the first sentence of the paragraph. Further, (b) option introduces yaws’ achievement, thus, this becomes the second sentence. The success of yaws and MNTE is followed on in (a) sentence and thus it becomes the third sentence of the paragraph.
Follow the Structure
Use logic and try to frame the sentences in proper structure. A typical paragraph will contain an introduction, then the body, and a conclusion in the end. Once you spot the opening sentence, you can easily find the concluding line as well. The rest of the sentences will definitely contain links that bind them together. Be alert to specific and minute details and follow the structure or tone of the passage.
Make use of the above-mentioned tips to solve parajumble questions and practice every day. Read a lot from various sources such as magazines, newspapers etc. Focus on grammar and you will most definitely improve your overall English score.
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We hope this article provides you with useful information regarding the tips to solve parajumble questions in IBPS Prelims exam. If you have any doubts or queries, please mention them in the comment section below.
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