How to make a Perfect Lesson Plan: Lesson planning is an important component of the teaching-learning process. Proper classroom planning will keep teachers organized and on track while teaching, thus allowing them to teach more, help students reach objectives more easily and manage less.
This article is a must read for teaching aspirants as it will provide you with a general outline of teaching goals, learning objectives, and means to accomplish them.
How to make a Perfect Lesson Plan: Step-wise Preparation Tips
Making a perfect lesson plan takes time, diligence, and an understanding of your students’ goals and abilities. The better prepared the educator is, the more likely she/ he will be able to tackle whatever unexpectedly happens in the lesson. Below are some steps which will help you to make a perfect lesson plan.
Each step is accompanied by a set of questions meant to prompt reflection and aid you in designing your teaching and learning activities:
Outlining objectives enables you to think about your teaching in a systematic way before you enter the classroom. Initial step is to determine what you want students to learn and be able to do at the end of your lesson. Enter the classroom with the solutions of the following questions:
- What is the topic of the lesson?
- What do you want students to learn?
- What do you want them to understand?
- What do you want to inculcate from this particular lesson?
- What are the strategies to be applied ?
- If you ran out of time, which ones could be omitted?
These steps will help you manage class time and accomplish the more important learning objectives in case you are pressed for time.
Develop the Beginning
Develop a creative intro to the topic to stimulate interest and encourage thinking. Consider these questions:
- How will you check whether students know anything about the topic ?
- What are some commonly held ideas about this topic that students might be familiar with?
- What will I do to introduce the topic?
You can use a variety of approaches to engage students (e.g. real-world applications, video clips, etc).
Explaining the Core
Catch the attention of more students and appeal to different learning styles. As you plan your examples and activities, estimate how much time you will spend on each. Build in time for extended explanation or discussion, but also be prepared to move on quickly to different applications or problems, and to identify strategies that check for understanding.
- Depending on your students’ levels, you may have to go pretty bare bones. Think about how far back you need to go.
- You may find it useful to flat out tell the students what they’ll be learning. That is, give them your objective. That way, they’ll walk away knowing what they learned that day.
Put students learning into action
Now that the students have received the information, you need to devise an activity that allows them to put it into action. However, they are still rookies, so start off with an activity that has training wheels. Think video clips, worksheets, use pictures or plan activities. Try to incorporate different activities for students that have different aptitudes.
How will you know that students are learning? For this you have to inspect their learning. Think about specific questions you can ask students in order to check for understanding, write them down, and then paraphrase them so that you are prepared to ask the questions in different ways. If they’re not getting it, go back to the information.
Develop a conclusion and a preview
Go over the material covered in class by summarizing the main points of the lesson. You can ask a student to help you summarize them, or you can even ask all students to write down on a piece of paper what they think were the main points of the lesson. You can review the students’ answers to gauge their understanding of the topic and then explain anything unclear the following class.
Conclude the lesson not only by summarizing the main points, but also by previewing the next lesson. This preview will spur students’ interest and help them connect the different ideas within a larger context.
Keep a Plan B
In your teaching career, you’re going to have days where students whiz through your plan and leave you dumbfounded. You’ll also have days where tests got moved, half the class showed up, or the activity you had planned got ruined. When odds are against you, you gotta have a back-up plan.
Why Lesson Plan??
- provides a coherent framework for smooth efficient teaching.
- helps the teacher to be more organized.
- gives a sense of direction in relation to the syllabus.
- helps the teacher to be more confident when delivering the lesson.
- provides a useful basis for future planning.
- helps the teacher to plan lessons which cater for different students.
- is a proof that the teacher has taken a considerable amount of effort in his/her teaching.
To be effective, the lesson plan does not have to be an exhaustive document that describes each and every possible classroom scenario. Nor does it have to anticipate each and every student’s response or question. Instead, it should provide you with a general outline of your teaching goals, learning objectives, and means to accomplish them. It is a reminder of what you want to do and how you want to do it. A productive lesson is not one in which everything goes exactly as planned, but one in which both students and instructor learn from each other.
Here we end up our article on How to make a Perfect Lesson Plan! Hope you have learned something new. Stay connected for more information regarding Government Teacher Recruitment.